North Dakota Court Records
With the rise of technology and digital storage, there is ever-increasing accessibility to search for court records without a trip to the local law library or courthouse in person. The public and legal professionals use court records for a myriad of reasons, some for personal use such as searching the disposition of a criminal or civil case of a similar nature to the searcher, researching the history of a case before filing a new one, locating vital records, and even genealogical study.
North Dakota has a traditional court structure of a Supreme Court being the court of last resort, followed by a Court of Appeals, with District and Municipal Courts in several regions of the state. Each level of the judiciary system files motions and dispositions, later filed as court records.
History of North Dakota Courts
The Dakota Territory had its own Supreme Court, established in 1861 in the then-capital, Yankton. The early justices of the court were appointed at that time by the President of the United States Abraham Lincoln and later Ulysses S. Grant. When North Dakota was granted statehood in 1889, the state constitution named the Supreme Court the highest court of the state. It is located today in the capital city of Bismarck.
North Dakota Court Records Availability
It is possible to obtain criminal, civil, municipal, and traffic court records through an online search of the District Court by name, citation number or case number. In addition to online records, you may find the records in person at the office of the Clerk in the county where your case was filed.
Effective in 2001, legislature was passed for the Supreme Court to adopt new rules for the public access to court records. Administrative Rules 41 & 47 were established to protect the identity and security of persons mentioned in certain types of court cases such as juvenile court proceedings, mental health commitment, adoption and paternity, domestic violence protection order files, psychological evaluations and drug and alcohol treatment records are confidential under these rules.
Main Court Information
The North Dakota Supreme Court is staffed by a Chief Justice and four associate justices. It is the court of last resort in the state and hears appellate cases, oversees the interpretation of the state and federal Constitutions, and provides disciplinary action as necessary for judges and attorneys of North Dakota. The Court of Appeals, created in 1987, is also located in Bismarck and hears cases assigned to it by the Supreme Court.
The District Court is headquartered in Bismarck as well, but holds a divisional office in Fargo and two satellite offices: one in Minot and one in Grand Forks. This court has original and general jurisdiction in misdemeanor, felony, civil, and juvenile cases. There are 42 justices serving in the 52 counties which host District Courts.
The North Dakota Supreme Court considered 459 filings in the year 2014, of these, 390 cases were moved to disposition. From 2007 – 2014 the caseload has been fairly consistent with 2012 being the busiest year with 442 filings and 477 dispositions.
North Dakota Court Structure
North Dakota Court StatisticsNorth Dakota Courts receive 45,687 filings per year. In 2012, the court received 46,935 filings and gave 45,541 dispositions. In 2016, the state court caseload counted 45,090 filings and had 49,082 outgoing cases.
Family Court CasesDomestic relations caseload of North Dakota at year end of 2016 has decreased by 1.0% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases have been 13,272 with a rate of 1,897 cases per 100000 population, lower than it’s in 2016.
Domestic Relations Clearance Rates
States with More & Less Domestic Relation Caseloads than North Dakota
|More Domestic Relations Cases than North Dakota:|
State Civil Caseload & Clearance RatesIn the last 5 years the number of civil cases has decreased by 1,707 cases, it went from 33,663 to 31,956 with clearance rates of 97% and 112% accordingly.
Small Claims Caseloads & Rates
|Caseload:||Per 100K Population:||Percent of Total Caseload:||Max Limit in $:|
North Dakota Court Locations
State Court Holidays
|New Year's Day||Monday, January 1, 2018|
|Martin Luther King, Jr. Day||Monday, January 15, 2018|
|President's Day||Monday, February 19, 2018|
|Good Friday||Friday, March 30, 2018|
|Memorial Day||Monday, May 28, 2018|
|Independence Day||Wednesday, July 4, 2018|
|Labor Day||Monday, September 3, 2018|
|Veteran's Day (Obseved)||Monday, November 12, 2018|
|Thanksgiving Day||Thursday, November 22, 2018|
|Christmas Eve Day (office will close at noon)||Monday, December 24, 2018|
|Christmas Day||Tuesday, December 25, 2018|
North Dakota court records search by Counties
DISCLAIMER: The North Dakota court records information accessible herein is derived from unofficial, publicly-available sources, does not constitute the official court records of any case, may not be up-to-date, complete, or accurate, and should not be relied upon by any person or entity for any purpose. This site is a third-party commercial entity that is neither authorized by nor affiliated with the North Dakota Judiciary or the North Dakota Administrative Office of State Courts in any way. The North Dakota Judiciary and the North Dakota Administrative Office of State Courts have not endorsed, warranted, or otherwise validated any of North Dakota court records information available on this site.