How to Obtain Court Records in Utah
Utah’s judiciary has local courts and state courts. The local courts are justice courts run by municipalities under the supervision of hired judges. These courts are responsible for violations of local ordinances, most misdemeanors, and some small claims cases.
At the next level are state district courts, which are the general trial courts that have jurisdiction over criminal and civil proceedings, domestic cases such as divorce, child custody, and probate issues. Juvenile court is a separate division that handles cases of juveniles charged with a crime or those in need of services including the homeless or abused.
Above the district court level are appellate courts that use panels of three judges to deliberate over disputes of district and juvenile court decisions. The state supreme court is the final arbiter on questions of law, hearing appeals of lower court decisions and reviewing state administrative agency cases. It also determines the constitutionality of state laws.
Requesting court records
Having a court document can help you collect a court-ordered financial settlement, clarify child custody issues, prove that you’ve completed your probation, or show legal standing for evicting a tenant. Be aware that some records may be considered confidential due to the inclusion of medical records or other sensitive information.
Online access to court records is available in the offices of court clerks and remotely using this site (fee for use): https://www.utcourts.gov/xchange/. This information simply identifies the people involved and other basic case information. To request official copies or transcripts, go to this page: https://www.utcourts.gov/legal/transcripts/. For additional help contact the clerk of the court where the case was decided using this directory: https://www.utcourts.gov/directory/.
A decree is the official agreement between a married couple that spells out how property is to be divided, how children will be cared for, and other details of the dissolution. To get a copy of your decree, contact the clerk of the court where the divorce was granted using this information: https://www.utcourts.gov/directory/.
In Utah, probate is a division of district courts that oversees guardianships, adoptions, estates and wills. When a person dies his property is divided among his heirs under the supervision of this division of the court. To research these records start by searching here: https://www.utcourts.gov/legal/transcripts/. To contact the clerk of the court where the case was handled, use this directory: https://www.utcourts.gov/directory/.
Federal courts oversee the process of bankruptcy, which pays off creditors when an individual or business is no longer making enough money to cover its bills. These U.S. District Courts which are located in each state also have jurisdiction over federal criminal cases and lawsuits that cross state lines. To research U.S. District Court records, use www.pacer.gov.