Wyoming Court Records
Wyoming has a traditional judiciary system which includes the Supreme Court, District Courts, Circuit Courts and Municipal Courts. Each court produces documentation over its proceedings which are later referenced as the publicly accessible court records of the state.
Long gone are the days when a searcher of Wyoming court records would have to appear in person at the courthouse or law library to retrieve their document of interest during regular business hours. In this age of digital storage and ever-increasing Internet accessibility, court records can be accessed almost anywhere by anyone anytime. Wyoming court records are a valuable resource of the state to the public and law professionals alike.
History of Wyoming Court Records
The Supreme Court of Wyoming is the highest of the state, and from 1890-1972 the justices who served on this court were elected by the voters. A different approach came about in 1972 to nominate justices through a commission selection process and allow for a retention election every 8 years keeping their standing as justices of the Supreme Court. Seven members comprise the commission for selection process; the chairman is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, with three additional members elected from the association of the Bar of Wyoming and the other three appointed by the Governor.
Wyoming Court Records Availability
The Clerk’s Office of the Supreme Court provides a comprehensive online tool to locate criminal and civil court records for the state. To search the court records, you must either know the name of the party or business, the case number, docket date, or name of company or organization. The convenience of finding court records online is not limited to members of the Bar; most are available to the public as well.
The Wyoming Law Library is located in the same building as the Supreme Court in the capital city of Cheyenne, and provides access to court records not only to the courts and legal professionals, but the public as well.
Main Court Information
The Wyoming Supreme Court is the court of last resort for the state and is composed of a Chief Justice and four associate justices who are chosen through a nominating commission system, and can be reelected by voters every 8 years. It is the sole authority of the Supreme Court to oversee cases which require the interpretation of the state and federal constitutions. Also, the Supreme Court is responsible for upholding the Bar of Wyoming through the admission and discipline of attorneys and justices.
In each of the 23 counties of Wyoming resides a District Court, which provides rulings on trial and non-trial cases for criminal, civil, juvenile and probate matters. Also located in each county is a Circuit Court which has jurisdiction over smaller civil cases and all misdemeanor criminal cases. The traffic and ordinance violations of the state are handled by the 72 Municipal Courts of Wyoming.
The Supreme Court handled 107 appeals in 2014 and the total Public Defender caseload for the state was nearly 14,000 cases for the same year.