Nevada Court Records
Due to the search capacity online, Nevada court records are highly available, offering the public and legal professionals alike access to all types of judiciary records without having to track each one down in person. Court records are used for a variety of reasons: to delve into genealogy or find historical vital records, provide histories from a similar case that may reflect a personal law concern, or to provide a historical background when filing a new case.
The state of Nevada’s appellate court structure consists of District Courts, Court of Appeals, and lastly the Supreme Court.
History of Nevada Court Records
The territory of Nevada was established in 1861. At that time President Lincoln appointed three justices to the Territorial Supreme Court. The justices proceeded over cases until Nevada achieved statehood in 1864. The court records from the territorial period were never published.
In time, the Supreme Court of Nevada grew from three to seven justices and the caseload increased. To assist in the hearing of a growing number of cases, the Court of Appeals was established in 2014.
To date, the most significant court records are contained in a volume called the Nevada reports, which is published annually and can be found in most state libraries.
Nevada Court Records Availability
The Supreme Court hears cases of appeal and those that call for of Constitutional interpretation. These cases may be civil or criminal. The Court of Appeals, a lower court, helps to process appeals for Supreme Court revision.
District Courts proceed over most original cases and include those of a criminal or civil nature, in addition to family, juvenile, and traffic hearings.
In 2008 a Commission on Preservation, Access, and Sealing of court records was created to organize and regulate the distribution of court records for the state of Nevada.
Main Court Information
The appellate courts of Nevada include the District, Appeals and Supreme Courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court and is considered the court of last resort for all proceedings. Each justice is elected for a term of six years and may serve in rotation at the Carson City or Las Vegas courthouse, typically spending a year at each location, working on a panel of three justices and convening as a full court in either city for cases that are heard en banc.
The Court of Appeals serves to evaluate those appeals that may need revision by the Supreme Court. Approximately two-thirds of the cases it presides over go on to the next level of the judiciary branch.
The District Courts have jurisdiction over all legal disputes, criminal and civil. These judges are sometimes given cases from Municipal or Justice Courts filing for appeal. The lower courts of Nevada handle traffic, parking citations, and civil cases in 17 Municipal Courts.
Nevada Court records show that a total of 2,351 cases were filed by the Supreme Court in 2015. Of these, 394 were original proceedings. In the same year, the Court of Appeals filed 816 cases and disposed 710.