Arizona Court Records
Public access to Arizona court records is often necessary for a variety of reasons. Citizens may need to fill out forms for child support or orders of protection, request legal records for a case filing, or even request that sensitive or confidential data in court records be redacted from public viewing. The state of Arizona offers a wide selection of online resources through its extensive law library network, allowing many Arizona court records to be searched online.
These law libraries are charged with maintaining locally important historical documents as well as more recent transcripts and other information from civil and criminal cases in the state. State judicial rules and statutes are also maintained by the library for quick reference, as well as statutes from other states across the U.S. These Arizona court records are especially important for the Supreme Court to review when determining and supporting its disposition in a case it has agreed to hear.
History of Arizona Court Records
On December 9, 1910, the state’s constitution was completed and ratified, effectively creating the judicial system under Article 6. In 1912, superior, juvenile and justice of the peace courts were created. Municipal courts were then established one year later in 1913. Citizens voted in 1960 to give the Arizona Supreme Court supervision rights over the lower courts, as well as give the Legislature permission to create the court of appeals.
Today, there are three levels of courts in the state: limited jurisdiction, general jurisdiction and appellate courts. The Arizona Supreme Court is the highest court of last resort. As of 2016, the number of justices serving the court was increased from 5 to 7.
Arizona Court Records Availability
The Arizona Superior Court Law Library is located in Maricopa County, and maintains a wide array of legal and historical documents of interest to the public. This library contains civil and criminal court cases, rules of the Arizona courts, as well as local and national statutes for legal research purposes. The library was established in 1913, and state laws established that funding for the library shall come from a portion of filing fees with the Superior Court of Maricopa County.
Furthermore, Arizona court records held at the library include municipal codes filed under each city or town so that the public can easily find any of this information.
Main Court Information
Arizona court records from the Supreme Court include those of cases appealed from lower courts of general and limited jurisdiction. The court is petitioned and may hear appeals at the justices’ discretion. The only cases which must be heard at this level are those regarding a death penalty.
The Arizona Supreme Court receives approximately 1,000 filings per year. In 2007, the court received 1,256 filings and gave 1,250 dispositions. In 2013, the court received 1,054 filings and gave 1,145 dispositions.